#header-inner {background-position: right !important; width: 100% !important;}



What is Nanotechnology?

it is design, creation & use of materials with at least one dimension measured in units of 1 nanometer.

Sciences Involved.

At least it is:
- Physics,
- Chemistry,
- Biology,

Other sciences can have uses, for example:
- Mathematics,
- Computer Sciences,
- Networking,
- more for sure,


When at least one dimension is within bounds of: <1 nm, 100 nm> it is between the distance typical for single atoms (1 nm = 10-9 m) & the size of distances found in a solid matter (100 nm = 10-7 m).

The diameter of an atom ranges from about 0.1 nm to about 0.5 nm.

Within such bounds material can have qualities that differ significiantly from those of the single atoms & of the typical crystals.

Thanks to nanotechnology, materials with qualities not found before can be created.

On the nanoscale the rules of the quantum physics are observed. Quantum Physics differs from Classical Physics, is of a probabilistic nature, act of observation affects observed objects as well.


There are many, for example:
- Nanoelectromechanics (there can be nanoengines that can differ from microengines & larger for efficiency; there are also works on electric, magnetic & optic properties on nanoscale).
- probably more,

(to be corrected & elaborated when i can).

See also, if You wish: NEMS.

Source: [46], [49], perhaps more.


  1. (EN) solid matter = (PL) ciało stałe.

  2. (EN) perhaps biology can't be skipped, even with NEMS ... (PL) być może biologii nie da się ominąć, nawet z NEMS-ami ...