- Definitions of network management objects, known as MIB objects,
- A data definition language, known as SMI (Structure of Management Information),
- A protocol, SNMP. For conveying information and commands between a managing entity and an agent executing on behalf of that entitity within management network device,
- Security and administration capabilities.
Management Capabilities can be added by writing management application (or using existing software) that lets managing entity to "monitor, test, poll, configure, analyze, evaluate, and control the network and element resources to meet the real-time, operational performance and Quality of Service requriements at a reasonable cost".